Austria

Did you know?

The pioneering work of Austrian scientist Gerti Theresa Radnitz Cori (1896-1984) and her husband, Carl Ferdinand Cori (1896-1957), transformed understanding of diabetes. They discovered the ‘cycle of carbohydrates’ or ‘Cori cycle’ – the biochemical process by which the body reversibly converts glucose to glycogen. Their work, for which they received a Nobel Prize in 1947, explained how carbohydrates supply energy to muscles during exercise and how carbohydrates are regenerated and stored until needed again by the muscles.

But Gerty Cori suffered the disadvantages of being woman in the male-dominated world of science. When she and Carl moved to the USA and were appointed to research positions, Gerty was received a salary 10-times lower than her husband – although they were equals in the lab. She was never offered a regular faculty position.


Capital city (1): 
Vienna
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
8,20
Urban population (1): 
68,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
0,60%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
80,00
GDP per capita (1): 
43.100
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
0,80%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
19,20%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
17,10%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
7,10%
Incidence type 1 diabetes (0-14) per 100.000 (3): 
13,30
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
7,30%
Health expenditure (1): 
11,00%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
5.577,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes