Cameroon

Did you know?

There are nearly half a million adults living with some form of diabetes in Cameroon; there are no national figures available for children with type 1 diabetes. Increased rates of obesity, particularly in the urban centres, and an aging population are among factors contributing to the rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes and other chronic diseases, including heart disease and some cancers. In the 10-year period from the mid-1990s on, diabetes increased 10-fold.1 Projections for coming decades estimate warn of increases throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Diabetes competes with infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, for the allocation of scarce public-health resources. However, with a nationwide diabetes prevention plan in place, chronic diseases are receiving closer attention from government.

1. Mbanya JC, Kengne AP, Assah F: Diabetes care in Africa. Lancet 2006, 368: 1628-9.
2. de-Graft Aikins A, Boynton P, Atanga LL: Developing effective chronic disease interventions in Africa: insights from Ghana and Cameroon. Global Health 2010, 6: 6.


Capital city (1): 
Yaoundé
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
20,50
Urban population (1): 
52,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
3,20%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
55,00
GDP per capita (1): 
2.400
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
4,70%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
7,00%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
15,10%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
6,20%
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
9,50%
Health expenditure (1): 
5,10%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
109,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes