Canada

Did you know?

On 14 November, World Diabetes Day, 2011, The Bank of Canada released a 100 dollar bill made of a special resistant material, commemorating the discovery of insulin. The world-famous Canadian medical achievement is portrayed on the reverse of the bank note, where an insulin vial illustrates one of the most significant medical discoveries of the 20th century.

Frederick Banting is considered as the main discoverer since he was the one who had the idea of tying a ligature round the pancreatic canals in order to provoke diabetes. The date of his birthday was chosen to mark World Diabetes Day.

Another Canadian, Leonard Thompson was the first person to receive an injection of insulin as a treatment for diabetes. He received his first injection in Toronto, on 11 January 1922, at 14 years of age. Thompson showed signs of improved health and went on to live 13 more years taking doses of insulin until he died of pneumonia, aged 27.

1. Aras M. Ninety years of insulin – Canada celebrates. 2012; 1: 41-2.


Capital city (1): 
Ottawa
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
34,50
Urban population (1): 
81,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
1,10%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
81,00
GDP per capita (1): 
43.400
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
1,80%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
24,60%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
23,90%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
8,10%
Incidence type 1 diabetes (0-14) per 100.000 (3): 
21,70
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
10,60%
Health expenditure (1): 
11,30%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
5.144,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes