Colombia

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Around three-quarters of the population in Colombia live in urban areas, and that proportion is expected to rise to 85% in the coming 40 years.1 Cities tend to impose potentially damaging behaviours, including sedentarism and poor-quality diet, on growing numbers of inhabitants – with consequent effects on societal health. It is notable that despite the day-to-day hardships faced by Colombians, the country rated third in the world on the Happy Planet Index.2 HPI results show the extent to which 151 countries across the globe produce long, happy and sustainable lives for the people that live in them. The overall index scores rank countries based on their efficiency, and how many long and happy lives each produces per unit of environmental output.

1. Aschner P. Epidemiology of diabetes in Colombia. Av Diabetol 2010; 26: 95-100.

2.The Happy Planet Index: www.happyplanetindex.org/data/

 


Capital city (1): 
Bogota
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
45,70
Urban population (1): 
75,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
1,70%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
75,00
GDP per capita (1): 
11.000
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
4,00%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
11,90%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
23,70%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
7,30%
Incidence type 1 diabetes (0-14) per 100.000 (3): 
1,30
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
6,10%
Health expenditure (1): 
7,60%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
482,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes