India

Did you know?

Type 2 diabetes is skyrocketing in India: there are now upwards of 63 million people with the disease nationwide, compared with 50.8 million in 2010.1 India’s economic boom has been accompanied by a meteoric increase in the number of people with diabetes – and those at risk for the disease. Prevalence rates are up to 20% in some cities, and recent figures showed surprisingly increased rates in rural areas.

In response, the Indian government has dramatically increased spending on diabetes and other non-communicable diseases, with USD 11.6 billion going to chronic disease over the next five years – a six-fold increase on the previous five years.2 The national programme on diabetes is focusing on early years prevention through educational programmes in schools in 100 districts, and a national prevalence study is underway.

1. International Diabeted Federation Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition 2012 update
2. Shetty P. Public health: India's diabetes time bomb. Nature 2012; 485: S14-6

 


Capital city (1): 
New Delhi
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
1.220,00
Urban population (1): 
31,30%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
2,50%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
67,00
GDP per capita (1): 
3.900
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
6,50%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
1,30%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
2,50%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
9,00%
Incidence type 1 diabetes (0-14) per 100.000 (3): 
4,20
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
3,00%
Health expenditure (1): 
4,10%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
68,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes