Pakistan

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Diabetes is on the increase throughout Pakistan, and especially in the urban centres, which continue to grow daily as migrants arrive from the rural areas in search of employment opportunities and improved quality of life. The National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology puts the figure at nearly 14 million people.

A recent World Bank report warns that Pakistan is facing a health crisis with rising rates of diabetes, obesity, heart disease obesity and other non-communicable diseases, which are disproportionately affecting poor families and worsening the poverty situation. According to the report, Capitalizing on the Demographic Transition: Tackling Non-communicable Diseases in South Asia, chronic disease currently accounts for 59% cent of the total disease burden in Pakistan.

1. Engelgau MM, El-Saharty S, Kudesia P. Capitalizing on the Demographic Transition: Tackling Noncommunicable Diseases in South Asia. World Bank. Washington DC, 2010


Capital city (1): 
Islamabad
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
193,20
Urban population (1): 
36,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
2,70%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
67,00
GDP per capita (1): 
2.900
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
3,70%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
3,50%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
8,40%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
7,90%
Incidence type 1 diabetes (0-14) per 100.000 (3): 
0,50
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
8,50%
Health expenditure (1): 
2,20%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
36,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes