Pakistan

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Pakistan has seen dramatic increases in rates of diabetes prevalence and incidence over recent years. Obesity, a key risk factor for type 2 diabetes in young people, is rising concomitantly rapidly in Pakistan, especially in the cities and towns. Young people in Pakistan carry an ethnicity-related high risk for obesity-driven type 2 diabetes. A 2010 World Bank report warned that Pakistan is facing a health crisis, with rising rates of diabetes, obesity, heart disease obesity and other non-communicable diseases, which are disproportionately affecting poor families and worsening the burden of poverty. According to the report, chronic diseases account for 59% of the total disease burden in Pakistan.1

1. Engelgau MM, El-Saharty S, Kudesia P. Capitalizing on the Demographic Transition: Tackling Noncommunicable Diseases in South Asia. World Bank. Washington DC, 2010

 


Capital city (1): 
Islamabad
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
193,20
Urban population (1): 
36,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
2,70%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
67,00
GDP per capita (1): 
2.900
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
3,70%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
3,50%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
8,40%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
7,90%
Incidence type 1 diabetes (0-14) per 100.000 (3): 
0,50
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
8,50%
Health expenditure (1): 
2,20%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
36,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes