Vietnam

Did you know?

The growing popularity in Vietnam of fast-food outlets, and the high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt processed foods they sell, appears to be driving up the number of people affected by obesity-related metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes.

According to WHO, there are a billion overweight people worldwide – many living in developing countries – while a billion more are starving. In Vietnam, 28% of rural children suffer from malnutrition, according to the National Institute of Nutrition. Meanwhile, 20% living in urban areas suffer from obesity.

There is a cruel irony about the consequences of the nutritional transition in Vietnam. Previous generations fled the country in rickety boats to escape starvation and extreme austerity under communism during the cold war. They are being replaced by a new generation whose health and wellbeing are under threat from what might be termed over-consumption.

 


Capital city (1): 
Hanoi
Population in 1.000.000 (1): 
92,50
Urban population (1): 
31,00%
Rate of urbanization per year (1): 
3,00%
Life expectancy in years (1): 
73,00
GDP per capita (1): 
3.600
GDP real growth rate (2012): 
5,00%
Men aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
1,20%
Women aged ≥20 years who are obese (2008) (2): 
2,00%
Diabetes comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
5,80%
IGT comparative prevalence WHO standard (2011) (3): 
9,40%
Health expenditure (1): 
6,90%
Mean diabetes-related expenditure per person with diabetes (3): 
118,00 USD

(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012

Bridges is an International Diabetes Programme supported by an educational grant from Lilly Diabetes