Poverty versus genes: the social context of Type 2 diabetes

Together with its 'twin sister', childhood obesity, Type 2 diabetes is spreading among young people around the world. This constitutes a serious public health problem; by their 30s, generations of young people will have been living with Type 2 diabetes for 15 to 20 or more years. The condition already accounts for up to half of the new cases of diabetes in some child populations. However, while it is true that both obesity and Type 2 diabetes are affecting children worldwide, neither condition is affecting all children equally. Apparently, those children and adults at high risk for Type 2 diabetes come not only from non-white racial or ethnic backgrounds but more importantly, also from poor ones.1 In this article, Claudia Chaufan investigates the impact of socio-economic factors on Type 2 diabetes in young people.
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Keywords: 
genes, genetics, social, thrifty genotype