Compared to people without the condition, people with diabetes are at increased risk from vascular diseases – including heart attack and stroke. This risk is further increased in people with diabetes who smoke; smokers with the condition should be advised by their health carers to stop smoking as a matter of urgency. But giving up the habit is not easy. Successful cessation requires people to surmount a number of difficulties, including strong physical, psychological and behavioural dependencies, and the possibility of post-cessation weight gain. Jocelyne Bertoglio looks at a number of factors that complicate people’s attempts to stop smoking, and outlines some of the nutritional recommendations for smoking cessation, especially in people with diabetes.
nutrition, dietetics, smoking, tobacco, cessation, weight gain, food, Fagerstrom's test for nicotine dependence, diet, lifestyle