The Political Declaration from the 2011 UN Summit on NCDs is the foundation for future global action on diabetes and NCDs. It mandates the UN system to establish a Global Monitoring Framework for NCDs, including a set of global targets and indicators, and to strengthen multisectoral action on NCDs through partnership.
The World Health Organization (WHO) are leading follow-up activity to the UN Summit, and had to develop a 2013-2020 Global Strategy and Action Plan for NCDs in 2012.
We’ve seen landmark progress on this front, with WHO Member States supporting an ambitious and comprehensive Global NCD Framework, including targets and indicators. IDF and the NCD Alliance are leading global advocacy for a comprehensive approach to the three WHO processes to drive future action on the global diabetes and NCD epidemic.
We want to see three building blocks to a comprehensive NCD approach, which we call the ‘Global NCD Framework':
- Global Monitoring Framework and Targets: the advocacy of IDF, NCDA and partners was crucial in securing the adoption of the landmark 25% by 2025 target at the World Health Assembly in May 2013 and the final nine global NCD targets agreed by WHO Member States in November 2012.
These targets will be the first ever global targets on NCDs, and all governments will be held accountable for reporting their progress. However, the reporting process for the framework and targets is undecided, and we are advocating to see national progress reported on the targets to the UN every two years. The Framework was officially endorsed by the WHO Executive Board in January 2013, and will be formally adopted by Member States at the World Health Assembly in May 2013. Read more on IDF's website here, download the full Global NCD Monitoring Framework here, and read IDF's article about the importance of the targets in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice here.
2. Global Action Plan for NCDs 2013-2020: WHO’s current Action Plan on NCDs has guided the response to diabetes and NCDs since 2008, and WHO are now developing the successor Global Action Plan in consultation with governments, civil society and the private sector. IDF and the NCD Alliance are engaging in WHO’s consultations to define the GAP to ensure it drive real change for diabetes and NCDs over the next seven years. We saw many of our recommendations included in the First Draft of the GAP, which was discussed at the WHO Executive Board in January 2013. You can read the NCD Alliance's summary analysis on the GAP on their website and find out more about the consultation process here. A revised draft of the GAP was released on 11 February, to which the NCD Alliance submitted a formal response with input from IDF.
3. Global Coordinating Mechanism for NCDs: The UN Political Declaration was clear that a whole-of-society and multisectoral approach is needed to tackle diabetes and NCDs. It also committed the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to provide recommendations to governments on multisectoral partnerships for NCDs, which he delivered on the 19 October 2012.He proposes five models of global partnerships on NCDs that will be discussed by the UN General Assembly on the 28 November 2012. IDF and NCD Alliance have built on the Secretary General’s third model, and are proposing a Global Coordinating Mechanism (GCM) for NCDs. The GCM would be a formal mechanism that can adequately address the scale, complexity and urgency of the NCD epidemic and have the power to: convene all stakeholders, continue political momentum and coordinate multisectoral action. WHO included concepts from the NCDA proposal into the 11 February version of the Global Action for NCDs (see point 2).
For more information, visit the NCD Alliance website, and read the two-page summary Shaping the Global Framework for NCD Prevention and Control.