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Pakistan has seen dramatic increases in rates of diabetes prevalence and incidence over recent years. Obesity, a key risk factor for type 2 diabetes in young people, is rising concomitantly rapidly in Pakistan, especially in the cities and towns. Young people in Pakistan carry an ethnicity-related high risk for obesity-driven type 2 diabetes. A 2010 World Bank report warned that Pakistan is facing a health crisis, with rising rates of diabetes, obesity, heart disease obesity and other non-communicable diseases, which are disproportionately affecting poor families and worsening the burden of poverty. According to the report, chronic diseases account for 59% of the total disease burden in Pakistan.1
1. Engelgau MM, El-Saharty S, Kudesia P. Capitalizing on the Demographic Transition: Tackling Noncommunicable Diseases in South Asia. World Bank. Washington DC, 2010
(1): CIA factbook
(2): WHO 2008
(3): IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition annual update, 2012