IDF South-East Asian Region

 

The elected IDF representatives for the South-East Asian Region (SEA) are:

Chair 2013-2015: Veenoo Basant Rai, Mauritius

Chair Elect: Anil Bhoraskar, India
Regional Manager: Manjula Suresh

The member associations of the IDF South-East Asia Region are located in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Mauritius and Maldives. The following have their own websites:

Bangladesh: www.dab-bd.org
India: www.dairaheja.org
Maldives: www.dsmaldives.org
Mauritius: http://pages.intnet.mu/mda
Nepal: www.dan.org.np
Sri Lanka: www.diabetessrilanka.org

IDF South East Asian Action Plan

The Kathmandu Declaration builds on the foundations laid by the 2002 and 2006 Consensus on Prevention of Diabetes and Untied Nations Resolution on Diabetes 61/225 of 2006, which “encourages member states to develop national policies for prevention, treatment and care of diabetes”.

The Kathmandu Declaration (KD), formulated as the SEA IDF UNR  prevention strategies at the Diabetes In Asia Study Group in Nepal Kathmandu in October 2008, has been published in the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

Diabetes and its complications have become a major health problem in the region. There are currently over 45 million people with diabetes in the region. More than 95% of these people have type 2 diabetes, which comprises 20% of the current total world prevalence. Presently, India has the largest number of people with diabetes in the world, over 40 million. The sharp rise in the prevalence of diabetes is seen mainly in type 2 diabetes, as the prevalence of type 1 diabetes in the region is 1-2%. However, malnutrition-related diabetes constitutes a significant proportion of people diagnosed with diabetes before the age of thirty. This increase in the young is compounded by the recent increase of type 2 diabetes associated with overweight and obesity in the same age group.

The rise in type 2 diabetes is mostly evident in urban areas where rapid economic development has made people adopt a sedentary lifestyle and consume more refined foods. This leads to greater weight gain. However, rural communities are also experiencing an increase in the numbers of people with diabetes due to the commercialization of villages by market forces.

The reversal of this upward trend will require either the maintenance of/or return to typical village habits of high fibre intake, active lifestyle and the maintenance of ideal body weight.

In the light of this increasingly heavy burden, the Diabetes Association of Sri Lanka embarked upon an ambitious plan to develop a consensus on the aetiology of type 2 diabetes so that primary prevention could be placed on a scientific footing. This was achieved at an international conference dedicated to this purpose in July 2002, entitled 'Diabetes In Asia' and which took place in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The meeting was successful in obtaining unanimous consensus. Following this landmark event, all countries in the region are now committed to develop primary prevention strategies applicable to their countries.

Find out more about diabetes in the South East Asia Region in the diabetes e-atlas at www.diabetesatlas.org.

For further information about the IDF South-East Asia Region, please contact:

Ms Manjula Suresh
S.L. Raheja Hospital
All India Institute of Diabetes
Raheja Hospital Road
Mahim, Mumbai 400 016
India
Tel: +91-22-24457051
Tel: +91-22-66529999
E-mail: manjula.suresh@idf.org