Obesity

English

Diabetes care in Rwanda - against all odds


 

The IDF Perspective: reforming the global food system to tackle diabetes and obesity

The role and responsibilities of the private sector in global health and development have evolved in recent decades. The view that the only responsibility of business is to return a profit to stakeholders is being weakened by the dawn of corporate shared values and a mushrooming of public-private partnerships, both of which have resulted in the leveraging of resources and expertise of the private sector to bear on many contemporary global health challenges.


Healthy Cities report

In our first Healthy Cities report, Diabetes Voice highlights municipal and national governing policies that are trailblazing new directions for human health.  

Gestational diabetes – an update from India

In recent decades, more women of a reproductive age have diabetes, and more pregnancies are complicated by pre-existing diabetes especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Also of concern is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) - the type of diabetes that is first recognized during pregnancy and affects up to 15% of women worldwide.


Anthropometric indicators of obesity for identifying cardiometabolic risks in a rural Bangladeshi population – Chandra Diabetes Study

Professor Akhtar Hussain’s aim of studying anthropometric indicators of obesity was to evaluate the predictive ability of body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and body fat percentages for the presence of cardiometabolic risks—namely type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and the metabolic syndrome.

Green shoots of hope: obesity prevention in US schools

There is currently an epidemic of childhood obesity in the USA. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Evaluation Surveys from 1963-65 until the present, show that obesity has increased three- to fourfold, so that now 16% of American children are obese (as assessed by body mass index (BMI) greater than the 95th percentile for age and gender) and a third are above the mark to be considered overweight (greater than the 85th percentile). This has fuelled an epidemic of type 2 diabetes in young people.

Asthma, obesity and type 2 diabetes - mechanisms, management and prevention

Obesity, currently a worldwide epidemic, is associated with a number of conditions, including coronary artery disease, lipid abnormalities, gallstones, cancer and type 2  diabetes, obstructive sleep apnoea, and obesity hypoventilation. Recently, studies have shown that asthma may also be associated with, and perhaps worsened by, obesity. Ongoing research suggests that type 2 diabetes and asthma may be linked to obesity through chronic systemic inflammation.

Preventing obesity in women of all ages - a public health priority

Most developed countries and a growing number of low- to middle-income countries have seen an increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity, and the trend is accelerating. Obesity represents a major public health issue in women due to its association with increased insensitivity to insulin, negative implications for reproductive health, including polycystic ovary syndrome and infertility, higher obstetric risks, gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

The fattening rooms of Calabar - a breeding ground for diabesity

Calabar is the capital city of Cross River State of Nigeria. It is a cosmopolitan town with a population of about half a million people. The population of Cross River State stands at around 2.5 million. Inhabitants of the region are mostly farmers, fishermen and civil servants. The Efik in south Calabar are a proud people with a rich cultural heritage. In Efik communities, the preservation of centuries-old values and customs is central to the tradition of ‘fattening rooms’.

Obesity stigma - causes, effects and some practical solutions

Obesity has become a pandemic, affecting adults and children around the world.  Considerable medical, scientific and lifestyle-related knowledge and resources are being channelled into the identification of strategies to combat this major public health problem. Despite these multidisciplinary efforts, however, little attention has been paid to the damaging social and psychological consequences of obesity.

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