Health Delivery


The genetics behind type 2 diabetes - lessons form GWAS

Obesity is one of the main drivers of type 2 diabetes, and the increased prevalence of obesity underpins the increase in type 2 diabetes around the world. Nevertheless, there are many overweight and obese people who do not develop diabetes, and many leaner people do develop the condition. One of the reasons for this apparent discrepancy is varying genetic predisposition. Scientists have spent many years attempting to identify the DNA sequence variations and genes involved.

Lessons from the Hadza - poor diets wreck efforts to prevent obesity and diabetes

We are all familiar with the unsettling statistics on obesity. The World Health Organization projects that within the next three years, one in three people worldwide will be overweight, and one in 10 will be obese. The global obesity pandemic brings with it a host of health concerns, including an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes. The root cause of weight gain is energy imbalance – taking in more calories than you expend.

Environmental factors in metabolic diseases – the invisible threat of food contaminants

Industrialization has been one of the most important advances in human history, resulting in profoundly improved survival and quality of life for millions worldwide. However, a by-product of our modern-day human activities has been the production of numerous potentially noxious chemicals. Nearly 150,000 are registered by the European Chemicals Agency, and more than 70,000 were produced in the USA in 2009. Some of these chemicals are very long lasting, and environmental pollutants are now found everywhere on earth – even in remote areas, such as the Arctic.

Prescribing physical excercise - focus on a combined approach

Factors relating to the environment and lifestyle central to the development of type 2 diabetes. In recent decades, research has focused on a variety of approaches – pharmacological, dietary and physical activity – to preventing and treating this disease, with generally encouraging results. With lower cost and fewer side effects, lifestyle modifications have been proven to be as effective as drug therapies, cutting by half the risk of diabetes in people who are at high risk.

How to protect the children of the food revolution - Interview with Jamie Oliver

English chef and restaurateur Jamie Oliver’s television programmes are shown in more than 40 countries around the world and Oliver has become a global media personality. But it is his relentless campaigning on food issues that has increasingly become the focus of his work. In the UK, his campaign against the use of processed foods in schools has had a lasting effect on the nation’s diet and its psyche. Oliver is committed to changing the public’s approach to food and dietary health, particularly among young people.

World Diabetes Day 2012 – expanding the circle of influence

World Diabetes Day unites the world against diabetes by celebrating people who are touched by diabetes every day and raising public awareness of this killer epidemic. International Diabetes Federation leads this global grassroots campaign inspiring advocates, organisations and individuals to come together on November 14 to put the spotlight on diabetes. Together with its member associations, IDF put diabetes on the global health agenda by securing the 2006 UN resolution, making WDD an official UN Day.

Diabetes and climate change: two interconnected global challenges

Against the backdrop of the 65th World Health Assembly in Geneva, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the private health insurance company, Bupa, convened an expert dialogue on two of the most urgent challenges of the 21st century: the global diabetes epidemic and climate change.

Creating a network to tackle diabetes and NCDs in Latin America

Diabetes has become a critical health issue in Latin America. From Mexico, in the north, to Argentina in the south, sweeping rural-urban migration and the worldwide nutrition transition to high-fat, low-nutrient processed foods – especially among poor people – are driving a potentially devastating explosion in the numbers of people affected by non-communicable disease (NCD). The diabetes population, estimated at around 16 million people, is set to double within a decade if effective steps are not taken in protect at-risk communities.

New treatments for type 2 diabetes – what is on the horizon?

Worldwide, more than half the people with type 2 diabetes have blood glucose concentrations that are too high, leading to a greater risk of complications. This is partly because many existing treatments have limitations.

Supporting research really works – my life after islet transplant therapy

In his own words, Jason Turner learned the hard way that he was not indestructible. Born in edmonton, he lived a fairly typical Canadian middle-class life – a father working outside the home and a mother working inside, a brother and a sister. As happens in so many families, his diagnosis of type 1 diabetes at 11 years of age sent shockwaves through that carefree existence that would continue throughout his life. And as happens to so many people with diabetes, the complexities of managing his condition through adolescence and into adulthood for long periods got the better of him.