Diabetes in Society

English

Driving research and action for long-term improvements in Denmark

A growing body of evidence confirms that in order to improve health outcomes, a transformation is required in the understanding and perceptions of the psychosocial issues that face all people with diabetes. In young people with the condition, these are exacerbated by the multi-dimensional challenges inherent in childhood and adolescent development. As in many other countries, a gap exists in Denmark between the psychosocial issues affecting children and adolescents with diabetes and current treatment practices.

From research to response in Italy - working alongside the Ministry of Health

People with diabetes require a range of interventions to manage their condition – medical treatment in isolation is not enough. In order to achieve optimum blood glucose control, the psychological, social and emotional aspects of living with diabetes also require at-tention. Diabetes and its related human, social and economic effects are important issues for the Ministry of Health in Italy. The Ministry’s commission on diabetes is engaged in developing plans to improve primary and secondary prevention and care of the condition.

Improving quality of life and solving problems at school in the Netherlands

Enhancing peer support for young people with diabetes is a high priority for DAWN Youth in the Netherlands. Another is its work to help teachers and other school personnel to improve the support they can offer. Indeed, support is the core principle of all DAWN Youth Netherlands activities. Moreover, support underpins a third key area: promoting the use by healthcare providers of a system for the regular assessment of young people’s quality of life, and using this information to build a national database to help understand their needs.

New perspectives, new solutions - improving care for children in Brazil

Brazil is a country of continental dimensions, the fifth largest in the world, and the fifth most populous – nearly 200 million inhabitants. It is characterized by its diversity, geographically, and in terms of its varied climate, ethnic and cultural complexity and economy; Brazil is the tenth largest economy in the world, a country where huge wealth and widespread  poverty co-exist at close quarters.

Identifying recent advances and remaining challenges in paediatric diabetes care in Japan

In Japan, the growing number of children and adolescents with overweight or obesity is driving an increase in youth-onset type 2 diabetes; the figures for type 1 diabetes remain constant among young people. In response, a number of initiatives have been developed and implemented in order to address diabetes-related issues and promote healthy living for young people affected by the condition.

Addressing the daily problems of children and adolescents in South Africa

In South Africa, managing diabetes in children and adolescents can be especially challenging. South Africa is a country of great socio-economic and ethnic diversity, where healthcare, like culture, languages and customs, varies significantly from one area to another. Furthermore, access to healthcare depends on affordability and availability, ranging in quality between developed- and developing-world standards. With these challenges in mind, the DAWN Youth South Africa survey was undertaken to evaluate the effects of diabetes on young people with the condition and their  family.

Advocacy, training and tools to improve psychosocial support for children with diabetes

Since its launch in 2006, DAWN Youth has worked to complement a number of existing programmes in the USA which contribute to the well-being of young people with diabetes. The US WebTalk survey recorded first-hand testimonies from young people with diabetes, their parents and healthcare professionals on what it means to live with diabetes. As in all  participating countries, schools were identified as a key area for improvement in the USA. This article outlines two of the initiatives of DAWN Youth USA, which may be a source of  ideas for action and improvement in other countries.

Promoting opportunities, fighting against isolation in India

India is undergoing an economic transformation – a financial boom according to many. Among India’s strong points contributing to this positive economic climate is its enormous young population. The potential for productivity, savings and investments by this generation will increase in the future, and is driving up levels of investments and confidence in the Indian economy. However, such gains are cancelled out to a large degree by excessive healthcare spending.

Know the warning signs of diabetes in children - World Diabetes Day 2008

The World Diabetes Day campaign is led by the International Diabetes Federation and its member associations. It is a multiple-stakeholder partnership that includes diabetes organizations and their members around the world and Official World Diabetes Day Partners. Each campaign is centred on a theme that is established by the IDF Executive Board and approved by the World Health Organization. This year sees the second half of a 24-month campaign focussing on diabetes in children and adolescents. The main campaign slogan is ‘Know the warning signs’.

South African children at risk for future diseases: the way forward

South Africa is a land of paradoxes. South Africans deservedly celebrated an exceptional Rugby World Cup victory in 2007, but we most definitely are not yet winning the battle against inactivity and overweight among the nation’s young people – which is placing them at substantial risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and certain types of cancer. South Africa has the added challenge of dealing with a double burden of disease: the chronic non-communicable diseases mentioned above and communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.

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