A well-balanced diet containing a variety of foods in appropriate portions, high in carbohydrate and low in saturated fat and sodium, combined with regular physical activity, is key to healthy outcomes and a very important part of preventing, treating and managing diabetes. Foods contain several important nutrients, one of which is carbohydrate. There are several ways of measuring the type of carbohydrate in foods. One way is the Glycaemic Index (GI).
The GI system classifies carbohydrates according to how fast they raise glucose levels in the blood. In simple terms, a food with a high GI raises blood glucose faster than a food with a low GI.
The Glycaemic Index could be used as well as other meal-planning systems such as carbohydrate counting. Monitoring blood glucose levels can help people with diabetes understand how various carbohydrate foods with different GIs affect their blood glucose levels.
The International Diabetes Federation has developed a special application to raise awareness of the Glycaemic Index and the various nutritional components that make up a healthy and well-balanced diet. The Glycaemic Index Wheel and Healthy Food Plate displays a variety of foods, divided by food group, with an indication of their respective GI values and whether the food causes a slow, medium or rapid rise in blood glucose levels. Click on the image below to view the interactive application.
The information displayed on the wheel is intended for information purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be relied upon as a substitute for consultations with qualified health professionals.
The Glycaemic Index Wheel and Healthy Food Plate is also available to order in print form.