Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a severe and neglected threat to maternal and child health. Many women with GDM experience pregnancy related complications including high blood pressure, large birth weight babies and obstructed labour. A significant number of women with GDM also go on to develop type 2 diabetes resulting in further healthcare complications and costs.
- In 2015, there were an estimated 199,5 million women with diabetes. By 2030, this number is expected to rise to 313,3 million.
- Two out of every five women with diabetes are of reproductive age, accounting for over 60 million women worldwide.
- IDF estimates that 20.9 million or 16.2% of live births to women in 2015 had some form of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy. An estimated 85.1% were due to gestational diabetes, 7.4% due to other types of diabetes first detected in pregnancy and 7.5$ due to diabetes detected prior to pregnancy.
- One in seven births is affected by gestational diabetes.
- The prevalence of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy increases rapidly with age and is highest in women over the age of 45.