- Screening for type 2 diabetes is important to modify its course and reduce the risk of complications.
- Diabetes is a huge and growing burden: 415 million adults were living with diabetes in 2015 and this number is expected to increase to around 642 million or one in ten adults by 2040.1
- One in two adults with diabetes is undiagnosed.1
- Many people live with type 2 diabetes for a long period of time without being aware of their condition. By the time of diagnosis, diabetes complications may already be present.
- Up to 70% of type 2 diabetes cases can be prevented or delayed by adopting healthier lifestyles, equivalent to up to 160 million cases by 2040.1
- With increasing levels of poor nutrition and physical inactivity among children in many countries, type 2 diabetes in childhood has the potential to become a global public health issue leading to serious health outcomes.1
- 12% of total global expenditure on health is currently spent on adults with diabetes.1
- The number of people with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries will continue to grow, posing a threat to sustainable development. For example by 2040, the number of people with diabetes in Africa is expected to double.1
Diabetes 2015 Over
5 Millionannual deaths
USD 670 Billionhealthcare costs
USD 670 Billionhealthcare costs
Screening for diabetes complications is an essential part of managing all types of diabetes.
- One in two people with diabetes remain undiagnosed,1 which makes them particularly susceptible to the complications of the condition, causing substantial disability and premature death.
- More than 640 million of us may be living with diabetes by 2040.1Delayed diagnosis means that many people with type 2 diabetes will suffer from at least one complication by the time they are diagnosed with diabetes.
- In many countries diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, cardiovascular disease, kidney failure and lower-limb amputation.1
- More of us will develop and live with type 1 diabetes. Screening for diabetes complications is an important part of effective management of the disease, to ensure optimal health.
- Of the 415 million adults worldwide living with diabetes in 2015,1 over one third will develop some form of diabetic retinopathy – a complication of diabetes that can lead to vision impairment and blindness.2
- More than 93 million adults, or one in three, currently living with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy.2
- The management of diabetes and its complications begins in primary health care and this should include screening for diabetic retinopathy
- Early detection and timely treatment of diabetic retinopathy can prevent vision loss and reduce the impact of diabetes on individuals, their carers and society.
- Careful management of diabetes and screening for diabetic eye disease can help prevent visual impairment and blindness.
- Global health spending to treat diabetes and manage complications was estimated at e USD 673 billion in 2015.1
1. IDF Diabetes Atlas 7th edition www.idf.org/diabetesatlas www.idf.org/diabetesatlas
2. Diabetes Eye Health: A Guide for Health www.idf.org/eyehealth